Jazz — with its complicated rhythms, surprising harmonies and gear-shifting melodies — was a huge influence on Thompson’s creative process. A major painting here, “Garden of Music,” owned by the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Conn., is squarely in the modernist Arcadian tradition of Cézanne’s “The Large Bathers,” Matisse’s “Music” and Gauguin’s “Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?” But instead of anonymous archetypes, Thompson’s painting presents identifiable jazz musicians he knew from Slugs Saloon and the Five Spot cafe in New York: Coleman, John Coltrane, Don Cherry, Sonny Rollins, Ed Blackwell and Charlie Haden. A nearby painting, “Homage to Nina Simone” (the legendary singer and civil rights activist was yet another friend), is a spectacular amalgam of Poussin and Matisse.